There are at least a couple, although neither one uses the kind of light we can see with our eyes.
The South Pole Telescope is almost an entire building. It uses microwaves to build a picture of the stars or galaxy it's looking at.
Of course, I'm down here working on the IceCube Neutrino Telescope, which is using muons to build pictures of supernovae and other sources of neutrinos.
McMurdo Station has a regular telescope people can use to look for seals, killer whales, and the Norwegian icebreaker